Learn how to apply for British citizenship for children born abroad. Understand eligibility criteria and the process for getting citizenship

British Citizenship for Children Born Abroad

British citizenship status and the procedures for obtaining it for a child born outside the UK are of great importance and might present several uncertainties and difficulties. Through this manual, you shall be guided into the different scenarios and qualifications needed and be told the steps involved in obtaining British citizenship for your child.

Understanding British Citizenship for Children Born Abroad

British nationality is more so passed on from one generation to the next, however, things are a bit complicated when it is a child born abroad, and a lot of practices come into play. The actuality of whether or not the baby also gets to be a British citizen will always depend on both when they are born and the status of the parents when they were born.

Automatic British Citizenship

Children Born on or After April 30, 2006

People who were born on or after the 30th of April 2006 with one or both of their parents being British citizens will automatically be given British citizenship as a right of birth and their parents can also pass it on to them in the same vein. It is this customary thing that grants one the citizenry rights.

Children Born Between January 1, 1983, and June 30, 2006

If the birth of a child between 1 January 1983 and 30 June 2006 took place and either of their parents were citizens of the UK at that time then they become citizens of the United Kingdom as well. However, the other condition applies and the parent either the mother or the father must be British if one of them is British but the other is believed to be foreign.

Children Born Before January 1, 1983

The children born before 1 January 1983, formally became British citizens, in the event their father was a citizen of the UKC at the time of their birth and marriage to their mother. And, he was eligible to pass on his citizenship.

Registration for British Citizenship

If your child doesn’t get it as their automatic citizenship, you can still register it as a British citizen. This phase is putting in the application form. However, even while it is not as rigorous as naturalization, there are stern criteria to be met.

Requirements for Registration

Extensive immigration history.

A well-defined reason for seeking an application.

Original copies of vital records, i.e., birth certificates and passports of present, valid form.

One of the major things required in this case is the payment of biometric data (fingerprints and photographs), which would cost not more than £20.

Applying for a British Passport

In this period, once your child has been able to attain British citizenship, there is an opportunity to get a British passport. A person assigned to it should fill in all the required documents for the passport application because the children do not have the maturity to do that task. There are two ways to apply: either by post or online. As for the online application, it is now £53.50, and the postal application is £64 both as of February 2023.

Required documents will vary, depending on the method of application, as well as it is processing time usually takes about a month, from the moment DPS receives the application.

Good Character Requirement

British Home Office stipulates all kids ages 11 and older possess a prior need to have good character to qualify for British citizenship. Therefore, they should not be accompanied by a severe sentence (confinement or term in prison) under the UK for an offense they committed or abroad. Nevertheless, all the kids below 10 are free from the necessity of having a weave.

Application Form MN1

To enroll your child in British citizenship by descent where you live in foreign, you would have to complete the registry form MN1. The form seems simple though, but the best way with the help of legal advice is good whenever you’re not so sure to avoid lengthy delays. When submitting the MN1 form, ensure you have the following information on hand:

Both for you and your child, the professional staff will take personal data.

Disclosing your child’s London residence address will be sufficient to document the history of residence in the UK.

Residence details for an apartment or a house where you have lived before.

Factual and non-controversial data about characters who are appropriate to ages 10 and up.

Two references, each of whom knows the child and one must be the respective professional.

Biometrics like digital photos and fingerprint collection as well.

Consent from the parents to which the child belongs.

Get the reassurance that the data stated in the application is correct and with actual honest intention.

British Citizenship and Parental Orders

Those kids who have lived in the home where the person who made the parental order is a British could become UK citizens when the order is made in the UK court. However, it is one more way for foreign people to get their British citizenship if were born outside of the country.

British Citizenship by Descent

A citizen of the UK by descent is obtained by a person who has not been born in Britain but acquires citizenship either through his/her mother or father’s citizenship. Significantly, to get your child admitted to the UK as a citizen by descent, your child must have been born outside the UK and at least one parent must be a UK national during the birth of the child.

It has to be emphasized that the fact here does not indicate that the kids who fall under this criterion automatically become British citizens. Rather, descent-based nationality, providing them with British citizenship came into place.

British Citizenship by descent through local consent is specified as the means of acquiring it.

British Citizenship by Automatic Acquisition

This type of citizenship means you may live in the UK without any limitations where holding a UK passport may make the travel of people easier with their trips. To qualify for automatic acquisition, you must meet one of the following criteria:

Taken on after you reached the age of 18 and you had been ordinarily living in the UK for three years before your application.

Though originally born outside the UK, receiving such events on or after January 1, 1983, and being a born child of a British citizen not using the patron.

The persons who were born before January 1, 1983, and citizens of the UK and Colonies were permitted to remain in the UK without the restriction of immigration controls until the date before that.

Overseas Adoption and British Citizenship

As Lord Dahrendorf discussed while backing the 1981 British Nationality Act, amended with the 2002 Adoption and Children Act, dictates children adopted on or after 1st January 1983, acquire British citizenship automatically if one of the adopters is a UK national. Though the procedure of acquiring British citizenship by adoption through means of foreign immigration is complicated, getting legal advice is always a safe bet for successfully handling the possible complexities.

In other times, children may have to apply for leave to enter and remain in the UK, if their status as a British citizen is not made lawful after their adoption.

Registering a Child as a British Citizen Under Section 3(2)

Section 3(2) of the British Nationality Act allows a child under the age of 18 to apply for British citizenship if specific requirements are met:

The reason behind migration, in many cases, is that people come to the UK from Kenya.

Having a British parent either by parents’ naturalization or simply their mode of birth at the time of their birth.

The qualifying ancestor of the parent who is British by descent must have resided in the UK for at least 3 years consecutively, before the child’s birth with no more than 270 days of which the ancestor was away during these 3 years.

Under ten years old, the child is exempt from this. When reaching the age of ten, however, the child unavoidably must meet the good character requirement.

Registering a Child as a British Citizen Under Section 3(5)

Under section 3(5) of the British Nationality Act 1981, a child under 18 may be entitled to register as a British citizen if the following conditions are met:

Obtained within the British borders.

Also were any children British citizens by descent should their parents have British citizenship at their time of birth?

The UK under the scheme will consider an application based on the period of residence of the child’s mother and her father; this period must have been continuous, with the activities leading to residence ending on the application date.

It is also required that the citizen of the Kingdom should have UK residence three years before it.

Absence from the UK should have exceeded 270 days for the sibling to have the right to get permanent residence status during 3 3-year period applied for in UK residence permit.

According to the law, both parents are approved.

If aged ten years or older, the child must meet the good character requirement.

Therefore, in summary, getting your child who was born abroad naturalized as a British citizen can be challenging because of the various eligibility criteria and requirements for automatic right or registration of citizenship, not to mention naturalization through descent. As you can see from the different situations explained in this blog, it is of utmost importance to adhere to British citizenship requirements, both legal and administrative, to have a successful application. However, sometimes, legal advice is needed because the child may fall into the grey zone. British citizenship comes with many advantages, so making sure you understand how your child may qualify is certainly worthwhile for families who intend to have children abroad.

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