When faced with visit visa refusals, should you appeal or seek judicial review? Explore your options and make an informed decision.

Visit Visa Refusals Appeal or Judicial Review

In the world of immigration and visa requests dealing with the maze of rules and guidelines can bring about hurdles. One of these challenges is the situation of visa denial, which leaves individuals feeling uncertain and disheartened. This piece explores the nuances of visit visa refusals, in the UK discussing whether it’s better to reapply opt for an appeal, or pursue a review. We will delve into the factors at play, potential human rights considerations, and the involvement of the Home Office in this process.

Reapplying for a Second Chance

When confronted with a visa rejection applicant’s initial reaction is to apply. This entails presenting updated evidence and paying the fees. Reapplying can be a choice particularly if the rejection stemmed from evidence, like missing bank statements. Rectifying these issues and submitting all required documents can often lead to a visa endorsement.

Nevertheless, it’s crucial to realize that visa officers may sometimes overlook or disregard initially submitted evidence. In some instances, resubmitting documents might not alter the outcome.

Moreover, if the rejection is based on reasons, like being banned from entering the UK for deception reapplying may not be a viable option, and resorting to legal action might be necessary.

Appeal Rights; Human Rights, as a Decisive Factor

Starting from July 2013 the opportunity to challenge a visa denial in the UK is limited to situations where human rights issues are involved. The presence of human rights implications plays a role in determining the possibility of an appeal. However, this process comes with its set of difficulties.

A notable challenge arises when someone tries to appeal on human rights grounds but later discovers that their case doesn’t truly involve considerations. This can lead to wasted time, effort, and financial resources. The uncertainty surrounding this procedure has prompted calls for change.

The Case of Mostafa

The example of Mostafa sheds light on when human rights could be relevant in a visitor visa scenario. The Upper Tribunal emphasized that human rights are indeed relevant, in cases involving couples. Nevertheless, doubts persist regarding whether human rights apply in contexts. It’s important to note that this determination specifically relates to family relationships and doesn’t encompass life situations.

The Home Office has released guidelines, for immigration officials to evaluate whether human rights are relevant in visit visa applications. These guidelines present four questions;

  • Does the application explicitly mention human rights considerations?
  • Could the application suggest human rights claims even if not expressly stated?
  • Do the issues raised in the application have the potential to engage rights?
  • Is there a chance of success for the human rights claim?

It’s important to note that this guidance reflects the perspective of the Home Office and the final decision rests with the tribunal. Nonetheless, these guidelines establish a standard for assessing claims related to rights.

Which Visits Qualify for Human Rights Considerations?

Understanding which visits may trigger protection under rights is vital in this context. Typically visits involving family members seeking to maintain relationships are more likely to involve considerations of human rights protection. For example;

  •  Visits between spouses separated by family settlement regulations could activate Article 8 protections.
  •  Visits between parents and young children or vice versa might be viewed as encompassing matters of rights.
  •  This same principle could apply to visits by relatives looking to reunite with their families when settling permanently is not feasible due, to regulations.

When it comes to visits, between siblings or adult children and their parents the application of human rights protections can be a bit ambiguous. While these visits are crucial in today’s global family dynamics they may not automatically fall under the umbrella of human rights protection as outlined in the European Convention on Human Rights.

The Home Office often argues that maintaining family life can be achieved through visits and modern communication methods possibly diminishing the importance of in-person visits. However, this stance has faced criticism and scrutiny.

Looking Beyond Relationships

Determining whether a visit warrants consideration under rights involves factors beyond the relationship itself. This could include situations like de facto adopted children or extended relatives who grew up together with stepchildren and their relationships with step-parents as evaluating the strength, depth, and quality of the bond between the visitor and the UK resident.

Each case may require assessment considering the circumstances and unique dynamics of the relationships involved.

Permanent vs. Temporary; How It Impacts Human Rights Evaluation

In immigration contexts many human rights cases center around settlement scenarios where individuals seek residency, in the UK. In instances, there must be human rights arguments to challenge a rejection.

However, things change when we talk about visit visas, which allow for stays. The arguments, for upholding rights in temporary visit situations are unique. The Home Office often views refusals of visit visas as reasonable in cases involving funds or concerns about overstaying.

This leads to the question of what legal and factual points can be raised if there is a right to appeal a visit visa refusal. While the tribunal is restricted to considering human rights issues it can still review the lawfulness of the decision within the framework of rights.

Challenging Legally; A Legal Perspective

In instances where there is a right to appeal based on rights, the tribunal evaluates the decision using a structured method outlined in the Razgar case. This method comprises five steps;

  • Determine if there has been interference by an authority with the applicant’s right to family life.
  • Assess the seriousness of this interference. Whether it may trigger Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
  • Examine whether this interference complies with the law.
  • Evaluate if this interference is necessary in a society for reasons, like national security or public safety.

Determining whether the intended benefit justifies the level of interference is crucial. Essentially the tribunal’s task involves assessing if rejecting a visitor visa application complies, with human rights laws. If the decision is found to be unlawful it signifies an infringement on the applicant’s Article 8 rights.

Exploring Another Route; Seeking Judicial Review

In cases where challenging a visitor visa refusal based on human rights grounds through an appeal isn’t effective, individuals may opt for review as a final option. Judicial review permits individuals to contest decisions made by bodies, such as visa refusals citing illegality, irrationality, or procedural errors.

However, the feasibility of pursuing a review varies depending on each case’s circumstances. Given that the tribunal can address human rights arguments an appeal must be made before contemplating review. This process may result in delays and costs.

The Call, for Transparency

In essence, concerns have been raised about the absence of an efficient mechanism to challenge visitor visa refusals effectively. While appeals based on human rights considerations remain a solution applicants often encounter uncertainty throughout this procedure.

In wrapping up it’s crucial for people facing visa rejection to carefully evaluate if they can argue their case based on rights. Opting for an appeal is usually favored over a review when this approach is viable. Yet, in scenarios of human rights considerations resorting to review might be the sole recourse. Striking a balance between the pros and cons of these choices plays a role in the pursuit of justice for visa applicants.

To sum up, navigating the realm of visa applications poses hurdles. Having a grasp of ways to contest refusals is vital for those aspiring to enter the UK. Whether it involves reapplying exercising the right to appeal or resorting to review each path comes with its complexities and factors to consider. Ultimately achieving success in a visa application demands maneuvering through the legal terrain, where deciding on reapplication, appeals, or seeking judicial review hinges, on the distinct circumstances of each case.

Scroll to Top