Delve into our comprehensive guide on the asylum process. Understand the steps and requirements for a successful asylum application journey.

 What is asylum?

In a world marked by upheavals, conflicts, and persecution, the concept of asylum stands as a beacon of hope for those seeking safety and refuge. This article delves into the intricacies of asylum, unraveling its definition, the asylum process, and the rights and challenges faced by asylum seekers. Join us on this journey to understand the human side of seeking sanctuary.

What is Asylum?

At its core, asylum is a form of international protection granted to individuals who have fled their home country due to a well-founded fear of persecution based on factors such as race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. Seeking asylum is not a choice made lightly; rather, it is often the last resort for individuals facing life-threatening circumstances in their country of origin.

The Asylum Process:

Seeking Asylum:

The process typically begins with an individual, known as an asylum seeker, arriving in a foreign country and expressing a fear of returning to their home country.

It’s important to note that seeking asylum is different from immigrating for economic reasons. Asylum is a humanitarian process aimed at protecting those facing persecution.

Asylum Application:

The asylum seeker must submit a formal application for asylum to the host country. This application outlines the reasons for seeking asylum and provides evidence supporting the fear of persecution.

In some cases, asylum seekers may apply for asylum upon arrival at the border, while in others, they may do so from within the country.

Interview and Screening:

After the application is submitted, the asylum seeker may undergo an interview and screening process to assess the validity of their claims.

The host country’s immigration authorities or asylum officers are responsible for conducting these interviews, often with the assistance of interpreters.


Based on the information gathered during the interview and screening, a decision is made regarding the asylum application.

If granted asylum, the individual is recognized as a refugee and can stay in the host country. If denied, the person may be subject to deportation.

Rights and Challenges of Asylum Seekers:

Rights of Asylum Seekers:

Non-Refoulement: Asylum seekers have the right to be protected from being returned to a country where they face persecution.

Legal Representation: In many countries, asylum seekers have the right to legal representation during the asylum process.

Basic Needs: Asylum seekers should have access to basic needs such as food, shelter, and medical care.

Challenges Faced by Asylum Seekers:

Lengthy Process: The asylum process can be lengthy, leaving individuals in a state of uncertainty for extended periods.

Language Barriers: Many asylum seekers face language barriers, making it difficult to communicate effectively during the application process.

Detention: In some cases, asylum seekers may be held in detention centers while their application is being processed, adding to the emotional and psychological toll.

International Protection and Asylum:

Refugee Status:

When an asylum seeker’s application is approved, they are granted refugee status. Refugees have the right to live and work in the host country and are protected from deportation to their home country.

Refugees may also have the opportunity to eventually apply for permanent residency or citizenship.

International Agreements:

The 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol are key international agreements that outline the rights and responsibilities of both refugees and the countries offering asylum.

These agreements establish the principle of non-refoulement and emphasize the need for international cooperation in providing protection to those in need.

Common Misconceptions about Asylum:

Asylum Seekers are Economic Migrants:

One common misconception is that asylum seekers are primarily seeking economic opportunities rather than escaping persecution. It’s crucial to differentiate between economic migrants and those fleeing persecution for their safety.

Asylum Seekers are a Security Threat:

Another misconception revolves around the idea that all asylum seekers pose a security threat. In reality, the majority are individuals and families seeking safety and refuge from life-threatening situations.

All Asylum Seekers Are Automatically Granted Asylum:

Contrary to popular belief, not all asylum seekers are automatically granted asylum. Each case is carefully examined, and decisions are based on the merit of individual claims.

The Role of NGOs and Advocacy:

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) play a crucial role in supporting asylum seekers. These organizations often provide legal assistance, humanitarian aid, and advocacy for the rights of asylum seekers. Advocacy efforts aim to raise awareness about the challenges faced by asylum seekers and promote a more compassionate and informed approach to refugee protection.

Asylum is not just a legal process; it’s a lifeline for those escaping persecution and violence. Understanding the complexities of the asylum process, the rights of asylum seekers, and dispelling common misconceptions is essential in fostering empathy and compassion. As a global community, we share the responsibility of providing a safe haven for those in need, ensuring that the concept of asylum continues to be a beacon of hope for those seeking refuge and a chance at a better life.

Do you need assistance with obtaining your asylum?

Contact our team of skilled immigration lawyers to discuss your visa and immigration needs.

Call us on +234 812 5505 986 or WhatsApp us at +234 818 1547 085 for immediate assistance with your situation. We are available to assist you in person, over the phone, or online.

Scroll to Top